People who are experiencing sleep disturbances may have sleep apnea or insomnia, which is caused by certain medical and psychiatric conditions. Sleepless nights are caused by many factors, which you will learn more about in this article.
One of the risk factors of insomnia is gender. Premenstrual syndrome, menopause, and pregnancy can cause difficulty sleeping.
A study of data on 7,500 male and female twins found that women have a higher genetic risk of developing insomnia than men. “More women have disturbed sleep generally, but that alone would not necessarily mean that genes play more of a role,” author Mackenzie Lind, a Ph.D. student in clinical and translational sciences at Virginia Commonwealth University said in a statement. “This paper shows that genes may be playing more of a role for females.”
Psychological factors such as stress, anxiety, depression, and bipolar disorder are also some of the factors that increase the likelihood of getting insomnia. Lack of sleep or working at night may also affect your sleep. It is common for people who are more than 60 years old experience change in sleep patterns.
There are many medical conditions (some mild and others more serious) that can lead to insomnia. In some cases, a medical condition itself causes insomnia, while in other cases, symptoms of the condition cause discomfort that can make it difficult for a person to sleep.
Examples of medical conditions that can cause insomnia are:
Gastrointestinal problems such as reflux
Endocrine problems such as hyperthyroidism
Learn more about insomnia and different sleep disorders.